In this choir of Christian graces each added one, as Bengel suggests, prepares for the next, and corrects and perfects that which precedes. Understanding the mind of Christ revealed in the Scriptures. And if sin is the problem, then the only correct solution is the one that deals with sin, and the solution that deals with sin is the Lord Jesus Christ. Therefore, in its exercise, furnish, , or all moral excellence, especially courage to do and suffer. He put his hand on my shoulder and followed behind me. II. In 1 Timothy 3:1-7 and Titus 1:5-9 there is a list of the qualities that an elder should have. Peter says we’re to supplement our faith. Hebrews 11:1 defines faith as follows: “Now faith is the assurance of [things] hoped for, the conviction of things not seen.” Faith is not a leap in the dark, but a reasoned conclusion to step forward into the unknown based on who is giving the directions. Why then do those who have supposedly recognized Jesus as the answer still have so many problems? If not, why not and what will you do to develop them? ‘courage and soul vigor, and manliness and the determination to do what is right’ (Woods p. 150). Оно никогда не означало скрытую или показную добродетель, но добродетель, которая проявляется в жизни. [Note: Bauckham, p186. It is also very likely true, as Plummer pointed out that, "Knowledge here means spiritual discernment as to what is right and what is wrong in all things."[21]. If she would stone me, I have before me Stephen the proto-martyr. Men and women who are trying to find the solution to their problems by drinking or taking drugs. What have they forgotten? Though, again, we can only make progress in godliness as God enables us. Questions to consider in discussing the sermon with others. Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible. Comm. The word philadelphia is often translated as either brotherly love or brotherly kindness. It occurs again in 2 Peter 1:11, and in 2 Corinthians 9:10; Galatians 3:5; Colossians 2:19. But in point of fact there is no such competition. besides those precious promises on God’s part, bringing in on your part.’ (Alford p. 1673). It literally signifies, bringing in by the by, or over and above: implying, that good works the work; yet not unless we are diligent. 5 For this very reason, make every effort to add to your faith goodness; and to goodness, knowledge; m 6 and to knowledge, self-control; n and to self-control, perseverance; o and to perseverance, godliness; p 7 and to godliness, mutual affection; and to mutual affection, love. Theywere Christians who lived in the country that we now call Turkey. (2 Peter 1:5-7) Peter gives us a series of steps that we need to take if we’re going to grow. Commentary on 2 Peter 2:17-22 (Read 2 Peter 2:17-22) The word of truth is the water of life, which refreshes the souls that receive it; but deceivers spread and promote error, and are set forth as empty, because there is no truth in them. Love ... "This love ([Greek: agape]) is the highest type of love; it is more inclusive than [@filadelfia], and is the kind of love God has for sinful, unworthy men."[23]. It means, therefore, knowledge that still admits of growth, not yet ripe or complete. For Terry, Jesse and I, it is because we are part of the same family. He who has his natural affections sanctified, advances to στοργὴν, a natural affection, that is purely spiritual. (30–35 A.D.), a man complains that his wife had deserted him, although (“I provided for her suitably and beyond my resources”). The difference between Peter and most of us is that he used his faith more then most Christians. giving — literally, “introducing,” side by side with God‘s gift, on your part “diligence.” Compare an instance, 2 Peter 1:10; 2 Peter 3:14; 2 Corinthians 7:11. add — literally, “minister additionally,” or, abundantly (compare Greek, 2 Corinthians 9:10); said properly of the one who supplied all the equipments of a chorus. The fact that Christ’s Divine power had so richly endowed them, and that God had privileged them to see the accomplished realities which had been the subjects of His promises, was not to be made an argument for anything else than strenuous effort on their part. 3) God has already given us the divine ___________needed for everything pertaining to life and godliness, 4) God’s precious and magnificent __________are meant to change us to be like Christ and escape the sin, The Steps to Victory & Maturity – 2 Peter 1:5-7. 1 Peter (1:7, 13, 4:13) but as coming in 2 Peter (1:16, 3:4, 3:12). 2 Peter 1:5. Who are kept The word “guard” is a military term meaning to keep by guarding, to guard with a garrison. The first thing thus enjoined is ‘virtue,’—a word very sparingly used in the New Testament. It is not intended to be the “final word” because of its limitations. Your faith, that "evidence of things not seen," termed before "the knowledge of God and of Christ," the root of all Christian graces. And to knowledge must be added temperance, which subdues the violence of our unruly passions and appetites, and does reduce those rebellious powers under the government and dominion of reason and religion. ], "Spiritual growth in the Christian life calls for the strenuous involvement of the believer. I am sure my younger brother, Terry, and I caused my parents to wonder about this because at times it seems like all we did was fight. He was being discipled by one of the other leaders and on the surface he seemed to be growing spiritually, though there were some reoccurring struggles in certain areas of his life. 9. He who is rightly disposed towards his brethren, extends his love to those who are less nearly connected with him, and even to enemies. 17 For the flesh sets its desire against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; for these are in opposition to one another, so that you may not do the things that you please.”. To patience, godliness, a conscientious regard to all the duties of the first table; let the fear of God restrain you from sin, the love of God constrain you to duty. Hence came to mean “supplying costs for any purpose,” a public duty or , with a tendency, as here, towards the meaning, “providing more than is barely demanded”. Lest virtue, unguarded, should be impulsive or rash, furnish in it knowledge of God, truth, self, and duty. See on 2 Peter 1:3, and 1 Peter 2:9. There can be no substitute for studying God’s word. Then he intimates that faith ought not to be naked or empty, but that these are its inseparable companions. This practical knowledge is to accompany the exercise of the ‘virtue,’ or moral heroism of faith, lest it run into unregulated zeal, inconsiderate obstinacy, or presumptuous daring. 55-56). It controls all which includes reason, emotion and will through the knowledge of the word and will of God. So Rev., adding on your part. To these are added perseverance which arises from faith, excellence, knowledge of God and self-control and in turn strengthens each of them as they are applied to the hardships that are part of living in a sin cursed world. "Knowledge" (Gr. The verb originally means to bear the expense of a chorus, which was done by a person selected by the state, who was obliged to defray all the expenses of training and maintenance. To his faith, as a foundation, the believer needs to add seven qualities with God"s help. where you progress from one to the next. Or, provide yourselves of this rich furniture; one grace strengtheneth another, as stones do in an arch. So the Lord provides the power to run our lives, but we must "turn the wheel." It is lived by stepping out in trust of God’s promises to do what He wants. Metaphorically, Peter is referring to a spiritual understanding that is darkened because they are only looking at what is close at hand and they are no longer seeing what God is doing. It requires great energy and boldness, for its very essence is firmness, manliness, and independence. For this very reason. So, the readers of both letters were probably the same people. This is the love of God that is given to us, and it is the type of love that is to exist between believers so that the world will know we are disciples of Jesus – Christians (John 13:34,35). See Ephesians 5:15-16; Ephesians 6:10. They separate the sacred from the secular and become what I call religious schizophrenics. True “virtue” is not a tame and passive thing. What does it mean to be godly? Peter didnot say where he was sending the letter. 1 Peter 5:11, ESV: "To him be the dominion forever and ever. Consider the following statement: ‘we frequently come across a false understanding of Christian freedom which says that if we are justified by God’s irrevocable grace, we enjoy a new kind of relationship with God where ideas of law and obedience are inappropriate…Anxious Christians think they lack the key to Christian growth and certainty, and move from guru to guru seeking the touch of God to change them. He did not fear walking into walls, posts or people. It was the counsel of Francis Spira to those about him, Learn all of me, to take heed of severing faith and obedience. Important as the love to man assuredly is, it is secondary to the duty of loving God and obeying his commandments. This is the result of γνῶσις, since it is this which distinguishes evil from good, and teaches us to flee from evil. He explains the word as follows: "Universally earnestness in accomplishing, promoting, or striving after anything." 5.And besides this—Rather, Even for this very reason. Add to; or, minister unto; or it may be a metaphor taken from the ancient way of dancing, in which they joined hands one with another, thereby helping and holding up one another. В греческой культуре это было характеристикой руководителя хора, который отвечал за обеспечение нужд хора и хористов. Add to your faith—Rather, furnish in your faith; that is, in the exercise of your faith furnish, besides it, virtue. And although the thirst for information is laudable, although it is pleasant to meet with furnished minds, and you are glad to encounter an industrious reader or an ardent student, you know very well that it requires a sound understanding to turn these treasures to useful account. The second of the eight notes on the Christian scale is virtue. On the other hand, 2 Peter here teaches that so-called practical Christianity without the spiritual motive is incomplete and unintelligent. The sense is that of supplying or furnishing besides. ‘True virtue is not a tame and passive thing. It is amazing that in the culture of the present day, religious duties are relegated to a secondary status, and humanitarian duties have been elevated to the status that really belongs to religious duties. The idea is: in addition to your faith, seize goodness; in addition to your faith and goodness, seize knowledge; etc. It is a warning against sluggishness and self-indulgence in the spiritual life. When, therefore, the Apostle requires these things, he by no means asserts that they are in our power, but only shews what we ought to have, and what ought to be done. ", " He explains the word as follows: "Universally earnestness in accomplishing, promoting, or striving after anything. Each of these qualities in the Greek text has the article before it signifying that Peter is talking about specific qualities and not general ones. It was a duty that prompted to lavishness in execution. Other examples of sorites are in Romans 8:29-30; Romans 10:14-15; and James 1:15. See 2 Corinthians 9:10. But the apostle seems to have designed an enumeration of several particular virtues; and therefore, as the word ' Αρετη sometimes signifies fortitude, one would so understand it in this verse. Play Each Quarter. The essential idea in the passage before us seems to be, that in our religion we are not to be satisfied with one virtue, or one class of virtues, but that there is to be. 2 Peter 3:7 REV and Commentary - But by the same word, the present heavens and earth have been preserved for fire, being ke - Bible verse If these seven qualities become the marks that characterize you and you continue to grow in them, which should be or at least become true for any Christian, then you will not be idle, useless nor unfruitful. This is from [@filadelfia], founded on the Greek term [@fileo], meaning the love of brothers, or the affection that even an animal has for its young. "Commentary on 2 Peter 1:5". virtue — moral excellency; manly, strenuous energy, answering to the virtue (energetic excellency) of God. As clouds hinder the light of the sun, so do these darken counsel by words wherein there is no truth. 3, 4). In this context it means a Christian who fulfills his or her calling (i.e, Matthew 22:37-39; Matthew 28:19-20; et al.). The opposites are connected in a similar manner in the case of the wicked: unbelief produces vice, etc.— γνῶσιν, moderation) 1 Peter 3:7, note. Grace and peace are increased in us through this knowledge of Jesus Christ. And while we understand that our non-Christian and even our nominal Christian friends might call that fanatical, we know that it should be what is normal for the believer. That is the same way that we have faith in God. Knowledge is what is necessary for acting prudently; for after having put down a general term, he mentions some of the principal endowments of a Christian. This faith comes by the righteousness of Jesus Christ. If he took his hand off my shoulder or walked to the side instead of behind, then walls, posts, stairs, ledges and crowded hallways would have dangerous to him. To this add sound information and practical skill of every kind. 2 Peter 1:5. "[22] This is one of the great Christian virtues which might be called perfect temperance. Faith and Fortitude. 2) Talk with your parents about how the power of God can change your life to make you like Jesus. Virtue, whether it be what is called passive or active, whether it show itself in more measurable expressions in the outer scene of things or in the not less difficult but more hidden characters of restrainedness and patience, is essentially some form of manly strength. Cf. This is one of the fruits of the Spirit. Beloved, these things out not to be! It is the duty of every Christian to make the highest possible attainments in “knowledge.” Escaping the corruption of lust takes effort (cf. 2:12, 13; Кол. Our earnestness and diligence must follow the gift of God, and will be followed by an increase of all his gifts. Peter directs that it be used in the work of adding these necessary things to one"s faith. Why or why not? The next quality then is specific knowledge, not general knowledge. The Greek words here are interesting and they bring out the nature of what is to happen. Listen to Pastor Robert Furrow as he continues his Commentary on the book of 2 Peter picking up today in chapter 1, verse 12. Giving all diligence — It is a very uncommon word which we render giving. By abstinence or temperance, is understood that virtue which helps to moderate the inordinate love of sensual pleasures, and to govern all disorderly passions and affections. The fruits of faith specified are seven, the perfect number. 1 Peter 1:1). This brings up my point for this morning’s sermon for this misconception of a pastor working only one day a week usually also extends to a person’s view of their own Christianity. They had faith, even like precious faith with the apostles, not of themselves, but by the gift of God, and which is the first and principal grace; it leads the van, or rather the "chorus", as the word rendered "add" signifies; and though it is in itself imperfect, has many things lacking in it, yet it cannot be added to, or increased by men; ministers may be a means of perfecting what is lacking in it, and of the furtherance and joy of it, but it is the Lord only that can increase it, or add unto it in that sense, and which is not the meaning here: but the sense is, that as it is the basis and foundation of all good works, it should not stand alone, there ought to be virtue, or good works along with it, by which it may be perfected, not essentially, but evidentially, or might appear to be true and genuine; for by virtue may be either meant some particular virtue, as justice towards men, to which both the grace and doctrine of faith direct; and indeed pretensions to faith in Christ, where there is not common justice done to men, are of little account; or, as others think, beneficence to men; and so the Ethiopic version renders it, "proceed to bounty by your faith"; and faith does work by love and kindness to fellow creatures and Christians; but this seems rather designed by brotherly kindness and charity, in 2 Peter 1:7 or boldness, courage, constancy, and fortitude, which ought to go along with faith. Faith, perhaps, is mentioned first, because that is the foundation of all Christian virtues; and the other virtues are required to be added to that, because, from the place which faith occupies in the plan of justification, many might be in danger of supposing that if they had that they had all that was necessary. When the Jews regarded a man as a renegade and apostate, at once unpatriotic and profane, and when the Greeks regarded him as a fool and fanatic, it needed courage to say, "I am not ashamed of the Gospel of Christ.". As it is a work arduous and of immense labor, to put off the corruption which is in us, he bids us to strive and make every effort for this purpose. Explain your picture(s) to your parents at lunch. Add to — And in all the other gifts of God. A Christian who lives in defeat does so because they fail to do their part. 13:1). What is the type of knowledge being used here and what specific knowledge is being talked about in this context? And now a question arises of the gravest importance: What are the first efforts needed in the journey of life? applying on your side all diligence. 2826 ff. A Christian is supposed to glorify God because he has God’s nature within (verse 4), and so when he does this, he shows “excellence” because he is fulfilling his purpose in life. Rather the child should give attention to certain basic activities that will insure good growth over time: drink your milk, eat your vegetables, get enough exercise and rest. (5) And beside this.—Rather, and for this very reason. How does Peter describe those who do not have these qualities? It needed courage, after the mind was made up, for the mouth to open and say, "I am a Christian." And when the worst was come, when it was not the spirit, but the body, that was bound, and the course was finished, "I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand," or, as Chrysostom wrote in his exile, "If the Empress wishes to banish me, the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof. Joshua 23:6; Joshua 10:24). Virtue - moral excellency; manly energy answering to the virtue (energetic excellency) of God (2 Peter 1:3). Each of these characteristics is pursued by faith, but they build upon one another to strengthen each other. In 3:1, he referred to this letter ashis ‘second letter’. It imparts understanding to the simple; and in imparting faith it gives that faculty to which all knowledge comes as wholesome nourishment, and by which it may be all again expended in a saving or a salutary power. In our text for today, Peter gives 2 Peter, It does not come automatically or inevitably. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton. Virtue ... primarily means courage, a grace particularly needed in the hostile world of the period when Peter wrote. “this very thing:” but just as τί, “what,” has come to mean “why?” “for what reason?” so αὐτό, or τοῦτο, or the strengthened demonstrative produced by the juxtaposition of both, has come to mean, “wherefore,” “for this reason.” See Winer in reff. γνῶσις, knowledge, is on its guard, lest sudden impulse should carry away ἀρετὴν, its virtue. But please note that I did not carry Raymond to where he needed to go. But this is no small distinction of the wisdom from above. It is possible to frustrate the grace of God by having "faith without works" ( James 2:20). 21, αὐτὸ τοῦτο οὗπερ αὐτὸς ἕνεκα φίλων ᾤετο δεῖσθαι, … καὶ αὐτὸς ἐπειρᾶτο συνεργὸς τοῖς φίλοις κράτιστος εἶναι,—‘for the very reason, for which he thought that he himself wanted friends.… he also tried to be’ &c.: and Plato, Protag. 1 * Symeon Peter, a slave and apostle of Jesus Christ, to those who have received a faith of equal value to ours through the righteousness of our God and savior Jesus Christ: 2 may grace and peace be yours in abundance through knowledge * of God and of Jesus our Lord. ‘adding your diligence to the divine promises’ (Vincent p. 625), ‘all diligence’-‘earnestness, interest one’s self most earnestly’ (Thayer p. 585) ‘do your level best’ (Wms); ‘try your hardest’ (NEB). epichorēgēsatethere is an allusion to a “chorus-leader” among the Greeks, and the sense is well expressed by Doddridge: “Be careful to accompany that belief with all the lovely train of attendant graces.” Or, in other words, “let faith lead on as at the head of the choir or the graces, and let all the others follow in their order.” The word here rendered “virtue” is the same which is used in, αὐτὸ τοῦτο οὗπερ αὐτὸς ἕνεκα φίλων ᾤετο δεῖσθαι, καὶ αὐτὸς ἐπειρᾶτο συνεργὸς τοῖς φίλοις κράτιστος εἶναι, ἡ τῶν τοῦ θεοῦ ἀποκρύφων μυστηρίων εἴδησις, [Note: Hiebert, Second Peter . While these examples illustrate how bad spiritual schizophrenia can be, of greater concern are the average people sitting in church pews across America that are plagued by religious schizophrenia of a less severe nature, but never the less, just as destructive. To faith must be added virtue, i.e. An encouragement to know God and what He has done for us. Greek. And to temperance, patience under all wrongs and sufferings whatsoever; an impatient man under affliction is like a Bedlamite in chains, raving against God and man. We should add one virtue to another, that we may reach the highest possible elevation in holiness. 9 For he who lacks these qualities is blind or short-sighted, having … It is worth noting that the word for absolute knowledge, epistêmê, does not occur in the New Testament. Philippians 4:18. The essential idea in the passage before us seems to be, that in our religion we are not to be satisfied with one virtue, or one class of virtues, but that there is to be. Knowledge - True wisdom, by which your faith will be increased, and your courage directed, and preserved from degenerating into rashness. We need always to beware of doctrines based on a newly found definition for a word found in some obscure source, or a teaching that cannot be explained in simple terms or clear verses. On these we may dwell in their proper places. The reason here being, ὡς.… δεδωρημένης κ. τ. λ., above: so that this forms a sort of apodosis to that sentence. “Supply” = furnish in a _____________ or lavish sense. 2 Peter 1:1-11 ~ Leader’s Guide 1. Who wrote 2 Peter? What kind of usefulness? The order in which this is to be done, the relation which one of these things may have to another, is not the point aimed at; nor are we to suppose that any other order of the words would not have answered the purpose of the apostle as well, or that anyone of the virtues specified would not sustain as direct a relation to any other, as the one which he has specified. It has reinforced motives, and revealed strong sanctions, so that without it the moral law would have less power of influence; without "faith" there would be a weakness of "virtue"; but it has insisted that "faith" was given in germ to the regenerate soul.

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